Normally, reports have some kind of conclusion, and some reports should make recommendations. Find out about these by watching the video below.
(There is a transcript below the video.)
00:10: Welcome to this ELC self-study video. Today we will be looking at how to write conclusions
00:15: and recommendations for a report. Now comes the part where we demonstrate our
00:20: insight. We need to show our lecturer that we understand
00:23: the information we have gathered. The Conclusion and Recommendations sections
00:27: are where we show our own interpretation of the material.
00:30: The Conclusion section shows our summary and interpretation of the information.
00:36: The Recommendations section shows what needs to be done as a result.
00:41: The first part we'll look at is the Conclusion section.
00:44: This is where we'll outline everything that the data has told us.
00:49: What does the data tell us about our topic? For example, our previous example showed that
00:55: people who know the consequences of recycling are more likely to do it.
00:59: Therefore, our conclusion could be that
01:07: This will also help to focus our conclusions
01:09: on the issues raised in the first parts of the report.
01:13: We can use the conclusion to address each issue and bring the whole report together.
01:19: Remember we don't put any new information in the Conclusion, we're just summarising
01:24: and interpreting the information we already have.
01:27: We need to show how the information we've presented affects the aims from our Introduction.
01:34: During this part, we can use a wide variety of language styles.
01:39: This is one of the parts where we really put our own mark on our work.
01:43: We still need to keep to an academic style, but we can give it our own voice.
01:48: Next, we come to the Recommendations section. This does exactly what it says, this is where
01:54: we tell the reader what we recommend. Not only what does the data tell us but what
02:00: doesn't it tell us? For example,
02:20: This would show the reader that we understand the information that has been given to us.
02:25: Also that we know our work is not perfect and can help to inspire future researchers
02:29: to find out more. There's always more to learn.
02:34: It's also a good idea to get together with some classmates and check each other's work.
02:39: Since we are the ones who wrote the assignment, we may not notice our own mistakes.
02:43: It will be much easier for our classmates to spot them, so it's always a good idea to
02:48: get someone else to check your work before you submit it.
02:51: Proofreading someone else's work is a really great way to learn.
02:55: Explaining things to someone else is also one of the best ways to remember something
02:59: later on. So, it's also one of the best ways to study
03:02: for exams! And that's it!