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Electrical and Electronic Engineering: Referencing

IEEE Numeric Top Box

Please ask your lecturer which referencing style they would like you to use. 

IEEE Numeric referencing is the standard style for Electrical Engineers but some lecturers prefer students to use LSBU Harvard referencing. Advice on LSBU Harvard Referencing can be found here.

IEEE Style Guide

This LSBU IEEE style guide gives you a good introduction to IEEE referencing.

IEEE Workbook

Test your knowledge with these fun exercises. Answers are included.

Introduction to IEEE Numeric

How Numeric referencing works

There are two stages to referencing sources using the IEEE Numeric system.

Firstly, you need to insert a number in the body of your work when you refer to somebody else's work. The first source you refer to will be no. 1, the second, no. 2 etc. You insert the number in square brackets [1].  If you're referring to a particular part of a work, or quoting from a work, you should also include the relevant page number e.g. [1, p.12].

Secondly, you need to add a full reference to the source at the end of your work.  This part is called the reference list and is arranged in numerical order.

Tips for avoiding plagiarism

You may often hear your lecturers ask you to paraphrase or summarise in your assignments instead of putting in large blocks of direct quotations. This is to show that you understand the material you have read and can communicate what you have learned in your own words. But what really is the difference between quoting, paraphrasing, or summarising? 


Skills for Learning can offer additional support on this.


Referencing & Plagiarism FAQ

Turnitin FAQ