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APA Referencing, How-to-Guide

VLE materials/ lecture notes.

NOTE: It is important to check with your lecturer if referencing class notes is appropriate for your assignment.


Lecturer’s surname, initials. (year, month date). Title of handout or title of PowerPoint. [Format of material]. Platform.

URL Examples:

Housand, R. (2019, March 22). Individual differences and psychometric research. [PowerPoint]. LSBU VLE.


Bowman, S. (2020, January 15). Understanding copyright. [Online video]. Panopto.