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LSBU Harvard Referencing: Confidential information

Best Practice tips

If information is not in the public domain e.g. school or hospital procedural documents, anonymise the author and title. For example use ‘Placement school’ or ‘NHS Trust’ in place of the name.

Format of the reference

You will need:

  • Anonymised institution/agency
  • Year of publication
  • Anonymised title



Anonymised institution/agency (year) Anonymised title [Confidential document].



NHS Trust (2020) Disciplinary policy. [Confidential document].

In-text citation: (NHS Trust, 2020)

Full reference


LSBU Harvard Referencing Quick Guide