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LSBU Harvard Referencing: Hansard (historical)

Best Practice tips

Hansard is the official record of debates, speeches, oral and written answers/statements, petitions and Westminster Hall discussions in the Houses of Parliament. Historical records for Hansard from 1803 to 2005 are available online at

Format of the reference

You will need:

  • HC or HL Deb date of debate
  • Title of debate
  • Day and month
  • Volume number
  • Column number/s
  • Web address
  • Date accessed



HC or HL Deb date of debate. Title of the debate, Day month, volume number, column number./s Available from: [Accessed day month year].


House of Commons Debate (1959) Penal practice, 2 February, vol.599, cc. 31- 36. Available from: [Accessed 5 March 2021].

In-text citation: (House of Commons Debate, 1959)

Hansard reference



LSBU Harvard Referencing Quick Guide