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LSBU Harvard Referencing: Reference List/Bibliography

Reference list

The reference list should only contain the details of sources you’ve cited in your work.

Put all your references in one list under the heading ‘Reference list’. Do NOT list resources by type.

List references in alphabetical order by the authors’ surnames/names of corporate authors or by the first letter of the reference. However, if you are referring to a corporate author that starts with 'The' e.g. The Guardian, list in alphabetical order by the first word after ‘The’ e.g. The Guardian would be listed under ‘G’.

If you are citing two or more sources by the same author, they should be listed in chronological order of the year of publication.

Works by the same author, published in the same year can be distinguished from each other by putting a letter after the year of publication.


Smith, A. (2019a) A guide to avoiding plagiarism. London: LSBU

Smith, A. (2019b) A guide to Harvard referencing. London: LSBU


You may be asked to compile a bibliography as well as/instead of a reference list, especially if you’re undertaking a long piece of research such as a dissertation or thesis.

A bibliography lists all the sources used in your research even if you did not cite them in your work. If you are required to provide both, the bibliography comes after the reference list and follows the same format.

Please check with your lecturer as to requirements