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LSBU Harvard Referencing: More about LSBU Harvard

Introduction to Harvard Referencing

How Harvard Referencing Works

There are two stages to referencing sources using the Harvard system.

Firstly, you need to cite the source in the body of your work, at the point where you’re referring to it. This is called the in-text citation. This is very brief and normally just includes the author(s) and publication date.

Secondly, you need to add a full reference to the source at the end of your work. This part is called the reference list and is arranged in alphabetical order, normally by author.

When you have completed your referencing you should find that the in-text citations match the reference list at the end of your work.

Why do we need to reference?

Why do we need to reference?

Referencing is an essential academic skill.

You need to reference in order to:

  • show evidence of your research support your arguments and analysis
  • allow readers to identify and locate the sources you’ve used
  • acknowledge the work and ideas of others.

If you do not reference properly, you will lose marks and risk plagiarising the work of others. Plagiarism is the act of passing off someone else’s work as your own and is a form of cheating.

NOTE: You need to acknowledge others’ work, even if you’re paraphrasing or putting their work or ideas into your own words.